The Canons of Beauty in the history of art – the Golden Mean

The Canons of Beauty in the history of art – the Golden Mean Is there a mathematical key to beauty? Artists have designed harmonious relationships based on pure geometric forms since time immemorial – some applied the Golden Mean to their figures and their landscapes to create dazzling compositions. While Polykleitos gets the credit for inventing the Canon – the 4th c. BCE Greek sculptor wrote a true milestone in the history of aesthetics – a treatise (kanon) exemplifying his theories. Many other artists through the ages have obsessed over the numerical perfection of human proportions. Polykleitos devised that the statuary beauty would be the Goldne Mean, and a fine balance of the sculpture’s volumes. Leonardo applied the perfected proportions to many of his works, among which The Mona Lisa and also Leda and the Swan, and famously his Vitruvian Man – not to mention Botticelli’s number-crunching, in his Venus for example. Source: http://artislimited.wordpress.com/2012/10/03/the-canons-of-beauty-in-the-history-of-art-the-golden-mean/

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